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Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 9 months ago

The Tutlaq language is an experiment with self-segregating morphology, the principle that all morphemes in a language should be uniquely resolvable, that is, in a stream of speech or writing, one should be able to tell exactly where morphemes begin and end. That's accomplished in Tutlaq with the requirement that all morphemes be in the shape:


nCn(nVC), where C = consonant, V = vowel, and n = one or more.


In other words, each Tutlaq morpheme begins with one or more consonants, followed by one or more groups made up of a combination of one or more vowels followed by a single consonant. Here is the TUTLAQ ALPHABET


Morphemes are never a priori, all words in Tutlaq are borrowed from natural languages with a minimum of distortion. The principle is that languages are searched for words that fit the nCn(nVC) shape. In general, English and Mandarin are searched first, followed by Hindi, Spanish, Russian, etc., going first for the languages with the largest number of speakers. Note: There's very little Mandarin in Tutlaq, principally because very few Mandarin morphemes end in a consonant.


Grammar is based on English, but simplified as much as possible.


We'll begin with the pronouns, and their origins from natural languages:


mig - I or me (Skandinavian)

tum - you (Hindi)

den - he, she, it, they (Swedish)

migtum - we (inclusive)

migden - we (exclusive)


And of these can be made plural by the particle


sym - some, a number of, from English 'some'


symden - they

symtum - you (plural)


Note that these are compound words made up of two morphemes each.


Tutlaq has two articles


bir - a, an (Turkish)

der - the (German)


Word order is SVO


Tenses are formed thus.


mig bin - I am (timeless) (bin is from German)

mig nun bin - I am (now) (nun is from German)

mig dyd bin - I was (dyd from English)

mig vil bin - I will be (vil is the future auxiliary, from Norwegian)


Some more words:


ten - to have (Spanish)

bin - to be (German)

tut - all (French)

laq - language (French)

kan - see (Mandarin)

kom - eat (Spanish)

far - go (German)

dog - dog (English)

kot - cat (Russian)

haus - house (English)

baum - tree (German)

nun - now (German)

famil - family (French, Persian)

jin - adult human

meil - male (English)

ben - female (Scots Gaelic)

benjin - woman (compound)

meiljin - man (compound)

per - parent (French word for 'father')

benper - mother (compound)

meilper - father (compound)

NOTE: All kinship terms are formed this way — a sex-neutral term with compounds for male and female.

brat - sibling (Russian)

fis - child (son/daughter) (French)

spaus - spouse (English)

fut - foot (English)

bain - leg (German)

hed - head (English)

noz - nose (English)

niq - and (Khmer)

gud - good (English)

tag - day (German)

gozen - morning (Japanese)

nait - night (English)

pliz - please (English)

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