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Lesson 9

Page history last edited by Rex May 8 years, 8 months ago



This isn't as startling as the title suggests. It's about kinship terms and sexual distinctions. Ceqli has these basic relationship terms:


Pam - Parent

Fil - offspring

Frer - sibling

Zin - cousin, someone who shares a grandparent or more remote ancestor

Zban - spouse

Paren - relative, someone related


All of these terms are sex-neutral. The sexes can be designated with the sub-morphemes -i and -o.


Pamo - father

Pami - mother

Fili - daughter

Frero - brother



All other relationships are shown with compounds of these:


Pampamo - grandfather

Pamopamo - paternal grandfather

Pamipami - maternal grandmother

Pampampami - great-grandmother

Pamfrero - uncle

Zbanfreri - sister-in-law (spouse's sister)

Frerzbani - sister-in-law (sibling's wife)

Filzbani - daughter-in-law

Zbanparen - in-law (spouse's relative)

Frerfilo - nephew


The diminutive and augmentive prefixes, pi, ga, can be used with siblings:


Pifrero, Gafreri - younger brother, older sister


This use is limited in Western culture, but in some areas, large social distinctions are made about such things, so words like


Zbanpifreri, Gafrerofili - Wife's younger sister, older brother's daughter


can be very useful.


The endings can also be used with other terms:


Pwer - young person

Pweri - girl

Pwero - boy


Jin - human person

Jini - woman

jino - man


Kelner - wait-person

Kelneri - waitress

Kelnero - waiter


And animals:


Hyun, hyuni, hyuno - dog, female dog, male dog

Kayn, kayni, kayno, etc.


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